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According to the 2011 census data, the overwhelming majority of its citizens (82.52%) are Croats, along with small numbers of Bosniaks, Italians and Serbs.Rijeka is the main city of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County.Trsat Castle and the town was rebuilt under the rule of the House of Frankopan.
From the 5th century onwards, the town was ruled successively by the Ostrogoths, the Byzantines, the Lombards, and the Avars.The city is called Rijeka in Croatian, Reka in Slovene, and Reka or Rika in other Croatian dialects. Rijeka is located in western Croatia, 131 kilometres (81 miles) southwest of the capital, Zagreb, on the northern coast of Rijeka Bay (14 ° 26 'east longitude 45 ° 21' north latitude), as part of a larger Kvarner Gulf of the Adriatic Sea, which is a large bay Mediterranean Sea most deeply indented to the European mainland.The Bay of Rijeka, which is bordered by Vela Vrata (between Istria and the island of Cres), Srednja Vrata (between Cres and Krk Island) and Mala Vrata (between Krk and the mainland) is connected to the Bay of Kvarner and is deep enough (about fifty metres or 160 feet) for the biggest sailing ships.Rijeka even rivalled with Venice when it was purchased by the Habsburg emperor Frederick III, Archduke of Austria in 1466.It would remain under Habsburg overlordship for over 450 years, except for French rule between 18, until its occupation by Croatian and subsequently Italian irregulars at the end of World War I.
In 2016, Rijeka was selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2020, alongside Galway, Republic of Ireland.